[C27] M. S. Ryoo*, Brandon Rothrock, Charles Fleming, Hyun Jong Yang*, “Privacy-preserving human activity recognition from extreme low resolution,” AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (one of the top AI conferences, acceptance rate=24.6%), San Francisco, CA, Feb. 2017. [arXiv]
Privacy protection from unwanted video recordings is an important societal challenge. We desire a computer vision system (e.g., a robot) that can recognize human activities and assist our daily life, yet ensure that it is not recording video that may invade our privacy. This paper presents a fundamental approach to address such contradicting objectives: human activity recognition while only using extreme low-resolution (e.g., 16×12) anonymized videos. We introduce the paradigm of inverse super resolution (ISR), the concept of learning the optimal set of image transformations to generate multiple low-resolution (LR) training videos from a single video. Our ISR learns different types of sub-pixel transformations optimized for the activity classification, allowing the classifier to best take advantage of existing high-resolution videos (e.g., YouTube videos) by creating multiple LR training videos tailored for the problem. We experimentally confirm that the paradigm of inverse super resolution is able to benefit activity recognition from extreme low-resolution videos.